The Formosan Subterranean Termite, Coptotermes formosanus, became established in
the Charleston area in the mid 1950s. Over the last few decades it has become the
dominant species of subterranean termite in the region. They are categorized as a
subterranean termite because of their behavior and the fact that they use the soil as
their primary source of moisture. Their colonies can become very large ranging from 5
to 7 million insects per colony with multiple colonies per acre. Each mature colony has
the potential of producing 70,000 swarmers/alates each spring. These swarmers can fly
onto structures and create aerial infestations with no ground contact if there is a
sufficient above ground moisture source. All Formosan ground based infestations will
eventually create an above ground nest.
Formosans are also considered an arboreal termite species meaning they will infest and
build nests in live trees. They are a very aggressive species and are very adept at
finding above ground moisture sources. They will build their nests above ground in
trees and structures typically made from fecal material, saliva, wood, and soil,
commonly referred to as a carton nest.
When encountering above ground activity during a repair, the challenge is in identifying
all areas of possible activity/damage and determining the original source of the
infestation. Special attention is given to following all visible evidence of activity
until it ends. Eliminating all above ground moisture sources is also a critical component
in controlling an existing infestation. Unfortunately, the Formosan is a very resilient
species and any activity remaining above ground in a structure may continue to survive
for a long period of time if left undisturbed. If enough insects are present, one of the
termites may develop into an auxiliary/secondary reproductive and begin laying eggs,
potentially creating a new colony. In some situations it may not be possible to find all
areas of hidden activity hidden within a structure. Hidden activity can continue in those
areas if left undisturbed and untreated.
We have extensive experience working with local expert entomologists and structural engineers
to carefully repair damage caused by termites to your home. If you see any signs of termites or damage,
call us for a free inspection.
- Termite statistics listed above provided by Palmetto Exterminators, Inc.
WOOD ROT REPAIR